Unusual, funny, and funny dwarf rabbits are increasingly conquering our hearts and becoming pets. The hassles of care and breeding rabbits at home will bring a lot of pleasant moments. But a rabbit is not a puppy or even a kitten, and its content requires specific knowledge. And before you start a new animal, consider whether you can provide it with everything you need.
Carefully inspect the rabbit: its eyes and nose should be clean – this indicates good health and excellent disease resistance. Ears should not be scratched. If the rabbit scratches them – perhaps there is a tick here.
Coloring rabbit can be very different. Its appearance in many determines the breed.
There are three breeds of dwarf rabbits. Briefly tell about each of them.
- Rex. breed Rex is short-haired animals. The breed was bred in 1919 by French specialists. The coat of animals of this breed is red-brown, similar in color to beaver, and in density does not yield to the chinchilla. On the face, there is a short mustache. It is precisely by the length of the antennae of the rabbits of this breed that it can be distinguished from others immediately after birth.
- Breed Lion Head. This species was created in Belgium by crossing short-haired and fluffy representatives. The animals of this breed are not demanding to care, kind and playful. These animals are so-called because, in the area between the head and the body, their hair is longer and creates a lion’s mane.
- Breed colored rabbits. It is a Dutch breed, breed in the first half of the 20th century. Representatives of the race can have many colors, and many coloring options have their names. The ears of these animals are small, and the hair is short and soft. Given the size of the calf and its parts, they can be safely called the most miniature dwarf rabbits. But their breeding and care require special care.
Caring for rabbits, their maintenance and breeding begin with the equipment of the home for the pet. Such animals live in spacious cages – its length should be 75 cm or more. The bottom of the cage should be plastic – this is the best option. It may be mesh, but the mesh should not be significant so that the rabbit legs do not fail. The bottom is covered with a layer of sawdust, thickness from 3 to 5 cm. This litter is changed weekly. In a cage, a suspended drinking bowl with water and a feeder must be installed. A container for food is attached to the floor of the cage so that the animal could not turn it upside down and scatter food less. Inside the cage, it is advised to place a small hut for the rabbit so that it can hide from noise and other vernal irritants.
Dwarf rabbits grow – so the cage immediately needs to be acquired a little more, so as not to change later. There must be enough space in the cage and the adult rabbit. Rabbits are clean creatures, so his home must be kept clean.
These animals are sensitive to any temperature fluctuations. They do not tolerate heat and extreme cold, and they hate drafts. In the room where the dwarf rabbit lives, stuffiness is not allowed. The optimal temperature for keeping a rabbit at home is from 18 to 21 degrees.
By their nature, dwarf rabbits are kind and friendly. Sometime after the purchase, the pets react to their name, recognize the owners, and happily go to their hands. Rabbits love to be stroked on their backs, and they worry when they touch their chins.
These pets are sometimes released to walk around the apartment. But before that, you need to close all the vents and doors (restrict freedom of movement).
The stomach of dwarf rabbits is tiny, and therefore, they eat more than 30 times a day, and mature specimens cannot be fed two times more often. The main feed for these animals is hay – it should always be enough in a bowl. Rabbits eat the dried grass reluctantly, and therefore the hay is slightly moistened with warm water. Older pets are recommended to give sprigs of fruit trees – they willingly gnaw the bark.
These animals willingly eat potatoes, carrots, and turnips, even raw. They can be given fresh beets and cabbage. From fruit, rabbits enjoy eating apples. For feeding, the fruit is cut into four pieces, freed from seeds and left in the trough. In some cases, the pet can be fed directly from the hands.
A feature of rabbits can be called the fact that they eat up their feces. It should not alarm the owners, as it is quite natural for these animals. In such a strange (from the people’s point of view) way, these animals strengthen themselves. Rabbit droppings slow down the process of digesting food, improving its absorption.
It is not recommended to place two males in one cage. Mature males will fight. Females, on the sport, quickly get along with each other. They are even recommended to keep 3-4 individuals in one cage – when it is cold, they successfully warm each other.
You can have a female and a male in the same cage, but in this case, the animals will regularly mate, and you will not be able to control their breeding.
A characteristic feature of rabbits is their reproduction. Up to 17 babies can be born from one female at a time. Each rabbit cares and feeds about 45 days. Females can give birth at any time, regardless of the season. The period of intrauterine development in a rabbit is short, so the rabbit gives birth 7-10 times a year. Before the appearance of the babies, the female rakes sawdust into the corner of the cage, sometimes even builds a semblance of a nest.
Breeding rabbits is a crucial and challenging moment. Formatting, the rabbit is put in a rabbit’s dwelling – they think that this is how the process goes faster. Newborn rabbits are completely defenseless: they are born bald, blind, and deaf. But kids grow fast. In the first week of life, their weight increases by almost two, and after 24-25 days they increase 10-13 times.
The period of active growth lasts up to 4 months. Then young rabbits increase almost to the size of an adult animal. Animals develop up to 8 months.
From the moment of birth, baby rabbits can keep balance and recognize smells. After a week they become covered with hair, and after 12-13 days they open their eyes. At the age of 1.5 months, they leave their mother’s nest and begin to eat on their own. Around this period, they are deposited from the mother cell into separate equipped dwellings.
For a long time, young rabbits need the care and attention of their owners because breeding such animals is not at all simple.