Chinchillas are pets that are kept in cages. Your little friend, whom you bought for home keeping, will spend in a cage all his life, and chinchillas live in the wild for up to 35 years. Therefore, the cage for a small chinchi, as the animal is called at home, should be as convenient as possible. We must not forget that chinchillas are social animals, they need to communicate, so at home it is better to keep a couple of animals. And if the animals are different-sex, then you can wait for the offspring.
Of course, the cage, the more the better. But for a pair of chinchillas, a cage with a size of 40x60x100cm is also suitable. Most importantly, the cell must be vertical, i.e. height must exceed the length, because chinchillas by nature need to jump.
It is desirable to make one or two sides of the cell solid (close boards or sheets). This will create coziness in the cage, chincham will come from something to push off while running, in the cage less will “walk” the drafts harmful to these animals. Contrary to popular belief that chinchillas do not get sick, they can easily catch a cold and even catch pneumonia.
What materials are the cells made of?
The cage must be made of durable and safe materials, since chinchillas try everything on the tooth that has access. Chinchillas should not be kept in cages made of fiberboard, chipboard (and other materials with a high content of glue), cardboard, paper with the use of toxic adhesives and sealants.
The cells in the cage should be no more than 2-4cm, the chinchilla is able to crawl into the smallest hole in the cage. Cells with retractable and pull-out pallets are now attached. Cages with sliding pallets are more convenient in service, less time and forces are spent for their cleaning.
At the bottom of the cell poured a layer of filler of sawdust granules. Chinchillas eat very little, their “waste” is dry, almost odorless, so too often the filler will not have to be changed. Usually the filler is changed once a week.
In the cage, it is necessary to install wooden shelves approximately 15 cm wide, on which chinchillas willingly rest. You can install in the cage of the ladder, wooden tunnels, in which the animals, if necessary, could hide.
In the cage, they install a house for the rest of the animals, in this house chinchillas also grow their offspring. Nesting house should remind chinchillas of their natural refuge, it should be twilight. The size of the house should be approximately 30 cm in length, 15 cm in depth and 15 cm in height. The house should be arranged so that it was convenient to periodically change the litter on which the animals rest.
The cage is equipped with a feeder and a drinker. The feeder and the drinker are hung on the front wall or on the cage door. This is done so that the animals during the games do not overturn the “cutlery” and do not cope with their need. Well suited for parrots made of metal or ceramic with attachments to the cage.
Also in the cage there should be a special stone (or a piece of chalk), wooden toys for grinding teeth, because chinchillas, like all rodents, have teeth that grow all their life.
But, as noted by veterinarians, after three years of life, chinchillas practically cease to grind their teeth, and the incisors grow to such proportions that animals stop eating. Specialist’s help is needed here: in a veterinary clinic a special cutter grinds down a rodent.
Hay must be present in the ration of a chinchilla, therefore it is necessary to install a separate feeding trough (sennitsa) – a manger for hay from the side of the cage. You can set the feeder for hay and inside the cage, and you can put hay on the mesh roof of the cage above the shelf. Preferably any hay that fell during the day to the bottom of the cage to clean.
From wild ancestors, homemade chinchillas inherited a love of fresh air and cold. The animals feel bad already at a temperature of + 20 degrees, excessive heat is contraindicated for them. But the cage with chinchilla can not be installed on drafts, animals can catch a cold and get sick.