Dwarf rabbits are excellent pets that do not require special care, unpretentious in food, and maintenance. Get them for beauty, to amuse children, to find a little fluffy friend. Some owner even tries to train rabbits. Dozens of breeds of these pets have been bred, but let’s first get acquainted with the rules of care and feeding of animals. After all, the life expectancy of rabbits depends on normal maintenance.
Before buying a dwarf rabbit, consider where you will keep it. There are two options – aviary and cage. An open-air cage is made with an area of more than two meters, so it can only be equipped in a large apartment The cage is bought at least 70 cm long and 40 cm wide. The size of the dwelling is directly dependent on how large the animal settles in it.
Rabbit in the aviary.
An open-air cage is equipped in a corner where enough light comes in, but not under the window itself. Direct sunlight is harmful to the rabbit. Enclose it with a net, be sure to attach a door to let your pet out for a walk. The floor is lined with a rug. Dwarf rabbits are contraindicated to sit on plastic or laminate.
In one corner put the tray, the animal quickly learns to walk on it. In the opposite corner, do “dining”. Stock up for your pet with a drinker, a manger for hay, a bowl for pips and a juicy meal. In the aviary, be sure to make a small house where the furry animal will hide. We must not forget about the toys – the wheel, the tunnels, which are very fond of rabbits. How to equip the enclosure according to the rules can be found by reading photos and video materials.
Rabbit in the cage.
A closed cage is bought for growth because the rabbit appears in the house a tiny, one and a half month old. The size of the house should be at least four times the size of the pet. The bottom of the cell is chosen solid. The paws of the animals are tender, and they will easily hurt them on the grid or grid. They line the bottom with straw or sawdust. At one end of the cage, a hay nursery, a drinking trough and a bowl for food are placed. At the other end, equip tray. It can be put a little later when the rabbit chooses a place for himself the toilet.
In a cage, even a small one, they make a shelter or put up a small house. Rabbits love to hide from everyone from time to time. If they do not have a suitable place, they can become depressed, lose their appetite, lose weight. Be sure to put a wheel, a ladder, a small tunnel in the cage so that the pets can play. Low physical activity has a bad effect on health because crawl animals are active.
Caring for a dwarf house rabbit is simple. But he is a living being, which means time and attention is required. Some people think that rabbits smell bad. This happens if you do not clean the cage and tray in time. Cleaning in the aviary is carried out once every seven days, the tray is changed 2-3 times a week. Closed rabbit cage should be cleaned more often, once every 3-4 days. Problems with odor occur when a male lives in the house. His urine really stinks. For this, the “boys” are castrated at an early age. They become calm, do not fight, and the smell of the labels disappears.
Every day, the rabbit must be walked in the apartment. At the same time, they make sure that small objects, wires, and cables, and other things that he wants to chew on are not caught in the way of the animal. The best place to walk is to barrier or mesh. It is worth playing with a rabbit in the evenings, in the afternoon the animals are sleeping, you do not need to touch them. On the street rabbits, too, are taken. For walking, buy a special harness.
Breed of dwarf rabbits.
If you have learned the content and care, you can proceed to the choice of breed. Types of dwarf domestic rabbits are very diverse. There are short-haired and long-haired, white and colored. The weight of animals varies from 700 grams to 3 kilograms. They differ in activity and even intelligence.
Here are the most popular breeds of dwarf rabbits that we sell:
- Rabbit ram
- Angora dwarf
- Pygmy Rex
- Japanese dwarf
- Dutch dwarf
- Color Dwarf Rabbit
- Fox Pygmy Rabbit
Each breed is special, it has its advantages and disadvantages. How many do not choose, still remain in doubt. Most owners make a choice, guided by the beauty of the animal, ease of maintenance, size, how much animals eat. Lifetime is also important because you don’t want to quickly lose your best friend. Below is a detailed description of some breeds.
Lop-eared cute rabbit ram got its name because of the broad-head. This kind of Dutch, bred in the Netherlands in the middle of the last century. A distinctive feature of the breed – hanging ears with a fleshy base. There are short-haired and long-haired individuals. Color – gray in different shades, spotted, thuringian.
Basic breed standards:
- Cylindrical torso with rounded back
- The neck is short, inconspicuous
- The head is large, with a broad forehead
- The eyes are big, expressive and beautiful.
- Ears hang down, their length is 15-20 cm
- Front feet short
- Tail tight to the back
- Weight – 1-2 kg.
Keep the animal should be in a cage 60 × 80 × 50 cm or in a spacious aviary. It does not tolerate heat, because the temperature in the room should not exceed 25 degrees, do not place the cage in the draft. Standard feeding – hay, grain, and vegetables. Long-haired rabbits should be combed at least once a week, periodically the animal trimmed its claws. How this is done, it is better to learn from the vet.
There is a long-haired and short-haired dwarf rabbit of the Angora breed. In long-haired hair length reaches 20 cm, the fur is soft, it is very pleasant to iron. Externally, the animals resemble fluffy balls, and this is easily seen by looking at the photo. They have one drawback – wool easily falls into mats. Because comb rabbit should be no less than once every five days. And during the molt – every day or every other day. Some owners are allergic to fluff. Then the rabbit will have to give someone.
The Angora short-haired dwarf rabbit is not so fancy in the care. It is combed every 2-3 weeks. The color of the rabbits of both subspecies is white. The eyes are red, rarely blue. Weigh animals 1-1.6 kg. The body of the rabbit is compact, and the back is rounded. The head is small, the ears are erect, short, up to five centimeters. On the tips, there are cute tassels. If you do not take into account combing, care for the Angora breed is simple. They are sensitive to high temperatures, like all fluffy animals, but unpretentious in food.
Hermelin or Polish rabbit is a white animal with a very cute little face. In appearance, it resembles a plush toy. Got the breed by crossing albinos with wild, silver and Dutch rabbits. Any coat color other than white is considered a defect, an individual is rejected.
Standard parameters are:
- The torso is compact, without pronounced neck
- The head is short and large.
- The ears stand straight, are located close to each other, covered with hair, the average length is 5.5 cm (fluctuations from 4.3 cm to 7 cm).
- Blue or red eyes
- Paws are short
- Weight – 0.8-1.5 kg.
Germelin should be kept in a clean cage or aviary. They are well tolerated by the cold, but do not like the heat and damp, are sensitive to drafts. In eating animals unpretentious. In winter and autumn, they should be given vitamin D and calcium to avoid rickets, osteoporosis. It is necessary to comb the rabbits once a week; tangled wool is carefully cut with scissors. The Polish rabbit is resistant to many diseases. It is vaccinated against especially dangerous infections.
Dwarf Rex is a very calm and independent rabbit, and its character does not require constant communication. Ideal for busy people. His coat is short, of rare brown color, resembling beaver fur. When stroking the hairs always come back into place, even if you stroke the animal against the fur. Another distinguishing feature of the breed is the meek twisted mustache. Here are the main parameters of Rex:
- Torso cylindrical, stocky
- The neck is short, the head is large
- Breast wide, without dehydration
- Paws and tail are short
- Weight – 0.6-1.7 kg.
Due to the short hair, care for the rabbit is simplified, it is not necessary to constantly comb. The cell is bought with an area of at least 0.3 sq. M. Feeders and containers for drinking make closed, and the animals are not too neat in food. Rabbits are eaten by ordinary feed – dry hay, vegetables, and root vegetables, dried and fresh fruits, twigs. Remove the cell should be at least once every three days, periodically disinfect. As soon as there is an unpleasant odor, clean the tray.
Japanese dwarf rabbits.
Japanese dwarf rabbits are a beautiful but unstable breed of rabbits. They have great spotted colors. Spots and stripes symmetrically located throughout the body. The photo shows that the rear part of the body, the lateral surfaces of the head are painted first. On the one hand, the suit is dark, and on the other hand, light, yellowish hue. The rest of the coat is dyed white. Unfortunately, when crossing rabbits, these qualities are often lost.
The Japanese have a playful and active character. It is better to keep them in an open-air cage than in a cage, to regularly let them out for a walk around the house. Rabbits are caring mothers because the breed is easy to breed. In food, animals are unpretentious, willingly gnaw twigs, meadow grass hay, and root vegetables. Resistant to disease, but poorly tolerate drafts and temperature changes. Growing animals at home are not so difficult.
Why did rabbits get strange names “lionheads”? This is due to a special type of growth of their wool. Near the face it is long, hairs reach five centimeters. On the rest of the body, the fur is meek and smooth. Thus, a “lion’s mane” is formed around the head. The fur structure is soft, fluffy, and pleasant to the touch. Any color, from white and red, to dark gray and black, has more than 60 of its colors. The main parameters of the breed:
- Chunky body of medium length wool
- The head is sitting on a short neck.
- Ears upright, about 5 cm in length
- The eyes are large, bright, the color depends on the coat color
- The weight of an adult rabbit is 0.7-1.4 kg.
Dutch dwarf rabbit.
The Dutch or Dutch dwarf rabbit is a subspecies of its large fellow. It differs from it only in size. What is special about this breed, why is it so remarkable? Dutch rabbits have original color. The back of the body, the ears, the circles around the eyes are dark, the legs and the rest of the body are white. The color of the rabbits is different. There is a black, blue, chocolate, hare, singed, squirrel color spots. The animal looks like this:
- The body is short and rounded.
- The head is large relative to their size.
- Eyes expressive, big
- Ears short, upright
- Front feet short
- Weight – from 500 g to 1.5 kg.
Caring at home for the Dutch is not difficult. They can be kept in small cages or medium-sized aviaries. Rabbits are friendly, great play with children. Thanks to the original color and calm character, you will be able to boast of all the joint photos. Breeding rabbits is also promising. They mate well, fertile females, feed their rabbits for a long time.
Color Dwarf Rabbit.
Bred this breed on the basis of hermelin. Its appearance is similar to the Polish rabbits. The only difference is the variety of colors. To date, there are about twenty shades of animal fur. That’s why they got that name. The main parameters of the breed:
- Short strong body with short neck
- The back is dense, large
- Compact head
- Ears up to 5.5 cm, set close, upright
- The eyes are large, different colors
- Paws and tail are short
- The weight of an adult crawl is 1-1.5 kg
The nature of the females calm and docile, but the males are quite aggressive. When a crawl hunt (it happens in the second year of life), he attacks the owner, bites, behaves extremely restlessly. If you do not plan to breed, it is worth the male to be neutered. Otherwise, there are no problems with this breed. Dwarf rabbits are well adapted to living in an apartment, unpretentious to food, like cleanliness and good company. You can keep them both in the cage and in the aviary.