The teeth of the rabbits, you need to know. Rabbit teeth grow throughout life. And become very quickly, the growth rate of the front incisors is about 10 cm per year! Naturally, with such a growth rate, the rabbit needs to grind them.
In nature, rabbits constantly gnaw something: bark, branches, bushes, so their teeth are grinded naturally. At home, especially if the rabbit is constantly kept in a cage, and has nothing to nibble, his teeth grow back quickly and as a result, bite problems arise.
What to do to prevent bite disease?
The owner, to prevent the development of diseases of bite, should do two main things:
- First, give the rabbit more hay, toys and objects that can be nibbled. For these purposes, perfectly suitable branches of fruit trees (if you are sure that they were not treated with pesticides), as well as various sticks that you can buy at pet stores.
- Secondly, if the rabbit’s teeth are strong in the branch, teeth should be trimmed. It may seem a little odd, but cutting teeth is a widespread practice. Experienced breeders quite easily cope with this themselves. The fact is that if a rabbit does not receive in its diet the proper amount of solid food, hay, and twigs that can be nibbled, its front incisors grow very strongly, and in this case, they must be shortened, mainly to prevent secondary malocclusion of the chewing teeth .
Rabbit’s teeth are rather fragile, and clippers for cutting nails on the legs may be suitable for trimming at home. After cropping, teeth need to grind. For these purposes, you can use a file for grinding nails. But it should be borne in mind that this method is quite dangerous: first, the tooth may crack, and the dental pulp will be exposed, which can turn into the pulpit; secondly, in a similar situation, your rabbit may carry himself unpredictably, as this is a painful procedure for him. So, if you are a newbie, you should still go to the vet. In veterinary clinics, a dental cutter is used to trim the tooth, which allows the procedure to be performed less painfully and without negative consequences.
What to do if the rabbit broke a tooth?
Many owners get scared when they see that their rabbit has broken a tooth. There is nothing scary about it. Rabbit teeth grow very quickly, so within one or two weeks, a broken tooth will grow. The only thing you may need is to shorten the adjacent tooth following the length of the broken one so that the length of both teeth is the same. How to cut a tooth, we told in the previous paragraph.
Malocclusion If a rabbit does not receive solid, coarse food in proper quantity and eats only store food, he no longer needs to chew as much as in natural conditions, his teeth get the wrong tilt, and the problem of bad closing of teeth is formed – small occlusion. After the appearance of malocclusion, the teeth cease to grind properly. The mouth of the rabbit stops closing tightly, sharp edges are formed on their chewing surfaces, which damage the soft tissues in the mouth. At this stage, the rabbit begins to experience severe pain while trying to chew, and it becomes clear to the owner that something is wrong. In no way should you pull up with a trip to the vet in such a situation, since other diseases start to progress in the rabbit: abscesses and problems with the digestive system.
If you notice the following symptoms, you should definitely contact a veterinarian:
- – Abundant drooling, fur on the chin and around the mouth wet and matted.
- – tearing eyes.
- – Refusal of food at the last moment (the rabbit eagerly approaches the food, but refuses to take it in his mouth).
- – A change in “food addictions” (the rabbit stops eating what he loved before, begins to prefer softer food).
- – Abscesses on the cheeks or jaws of a rabbit.
- “The rabbit shows pain when you touch its cheeks and jaws.”
- – Red or white gums (in normal condition, the gums of the rabbit are pink).
- – Bad breath.
- – Rabbit starts to lose weight.