If you wish to purchase a rabbit for keeping in your apartment, you should take into account that this is not only a cute and playful little animal but also a pet, which will require careful care.
To eared to live a long and happy life, you need to take care of his health, as well as know-how to feed a rabbit.
So, what do rabbits eat? By nature, rabbits feed on plant food. If the diet is not followed, the animals in question begin to lose weight; in some cases, this leads to death. Overfeeding is also dangerous for the eared body., when overweight, they begin to suffer from various diseases, so the owner should carefully choose their diet.
Food for breeds of rabbits is very different from the food that ordinary rabbits eat. It is caused by weak immunity of pets, as well as a gentle stomach. If animals raised on a farm can eat moist plant food without harm to health, gnaw a tree, then their fellows are often deprived of this opportunity. They need to give special solid food for grinding teeth.
Particularly different diet of small rabbits, who need a special diet. They feed animals at least twice a day, including dried bread, high-quality hay, rolled oats or wheat flakes in the ration. As for carrots, such a product is given in a small amount. At the trough should be drinking bowl with water.
In summer, houses of dwarf rabbits can be fed with clover and dandelions, and green leaflets also use leaves of corn, cereal grasses. Note that the collected plants are disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then they are dried in the sun. Fresh, juicy grass in the diet of the kids do not enter, through the possibility of an upset stomach, so the greens need to be dried up in the sun.
In general terms, the pet rabbit diet should consist of the following products:
- concentrated feed in the form of special feed, rolled oats, wheat flakes;
- solid feed (hay, raspberry, lilac, willow branches). Such food will contribute to the grinding of teeth;
- mineral supplements.
As we have said, all breeds of rabbits need special nutrition. The composition of the diet of these animals should include different types of food. In small animals accelerated digestion, so they should receive food constantly.
When fasting pets, stagnation in the intestines or fermentation of food remains, which often leads to death. According to experts, the diet of pets should contain solid and juicy food, greens, fiber.
So what and how to feed a rabbit at home? Even though eared can eat all day, food delivery should be limited to two times a day (in the morning and evening). First, pets are given cereal feed or feed after they eat hay.
During the day, the animals give hay and fresh vegetables, for the night the feeders are filled with high-quality hay. And now we will describe the menu of rabbits in more detail.
This type of food forms the basis of the eared ration. This food for rabbits contains tree branches, such as birch, willow, acacia, and alder, as well as high-quality hay. The branches of garden trees should be given carefully in small doses., but the feed from the grass can be present in the feeder of the animals regularly.
In winter, pets can be fed branches and needles of pine and spruce, juniper, but not often needles are given. It should also be understood that birch wood is considered to be a diuretic, while oak and alder are considered binding substances.
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Considered products rabbits should receive throughout the year. As we have said harmful eared beets and cabbage leaves, but in their diet, you can include the following list of products:
Each of the described types of food gives small doses. At the same time, watching the animal feces. For example, bananas are fed by a teaspoon once a week, and citrus fruits and plums are generally excluded from the diet.
Citrus fruits can be fed only mandarin, and then only one lobule in two weeks.
Melons and watermelons will not please all pets, although they can also be given in small doses and infrequently (except pregnant females).
From concentrated feed in the diet of rabbits include Hercules and oats. Compound feeds must contain vitamins and proteins, as well as vitamins necessary for normal growth of small animals.
- 28-30% herbal flour. It is best if clover and alfalfa are used as the main plants. It is noticed that some unscrupulous manufacturers add weeds to feed and enrich the mixture with vitamins;
- The minimum proportion of cereals (it uses wheat or oats) should be 20%. It should be borne in mind that all types of grain should not be treated with pesticides;
- Barley or Corn in the feed must also be at the level of 20%;
- An important component is considered sunflower meal (up to 13% of the total mass). This ingredient is responsible for the development of the animal’s coat;
- The remaining 2-4% occupy food yeast, salt, fish and meat and bone meal.
Greens can be given to rabbits the following types of grass: wheat grass, alfalfa, dandelions, and clover. The animals in question are happy to eat tansy, chamomile, and mouse peas, although the dacha of such food should be limited. Note that before serving all of these types of herbs are recommended to be dried in the sun.
Rabbit is not recommended such varieties of greenery:
- The yellow cone and the crow’s eyes hurt the cardiovascular system of the animal;
- Helen, buttercup, dope, celandine lead to eared poisoning;
- Goldenrod and lupine contribute to the disruption of the liver.
As an additional source of vitamins, you can use special factory-made food. Special granules are placed in the cages for rabbits, which contain trace elements such as calcium and potassium.
As an additional additive to the described diet use salt. This mineral substance stimulates the appetite of the animal, improves the quality of fur. Calcium in the form of chalk helps to strengthen the skeleton of young rabbits.
As we have already said, freshly cut grass is considered harmful to a rabbit, as well as some plant species, for example, dope, henbane, celandine, hemlock. Vegetable animals should not be given cabbage leaves and beets. Eared can not be fed sausage, chips, and candy, other confectionery.
Mineral stones put pieces of chalk and iodized salt into the rabbit’s cage, individual granules containing microelements necessary for the development of the animal. Stitching of the eared teeth will be promoted by branch feed, white bread croutons, as well as special cereal sticks. Some rabbit breeders use paper or wood toys for this purpose.
From the above, we can conclude that rabbits are considered quite capricious animals, however, with particular work experience, knowledge of the nuances of feeding, these pets will please you for more than one year.