Beauty conditions and animal health depend on the conditions of detention. Rabbits become one of the most popular pets. They are gentle and friendly creatures; they are very attached to the owner and are bored in his absence.
The rabbit can be taught to perform simple commands such as “to me” or “fu.”
However, the rodent must be systematically cared for. Otherwise, it may become sick and even die.
So, you brought the pet rabbit home. Prepare him a cage in advance and equip it with everything you need. The rodent dwelling should be spacious enough so that it can quickly move and jump. The minimum dimensions of length and width are 70 and 50 cm. The height of the walls should correspond to the height of the rabbit standing on its hind legs.
For the content of one animal requires 0.5-1 square meters of space.
- The cage should be spacious. Feeding trough. It is better to choose ceramic because it is heavy, and the pet will not be able to turn it over. A metal trough, which is attached to the bars of the cage, will also work.
- The drinking bowl drops, it is also placed on the walls of the cell.
- House, which serves as a shelter for the fearful animal. Ready-made houses for rodents are on sale; in the absence of such, it is easy to build it yourself from a cardboard box.
- Toilet tray. It is better to choose the corner, but a small cat tray will do.
- Toys, for example, balls with a rattle. A small cardboard box from scotch tape will serve as a fun. Rabbits love to throw it up.
- Mineral stone and wood sticks for grinding chisels.
Put straw or sawdust on the bottom of the cage, and they are necessary for the animal as a litter.
No need to squeeze a new family member, grab him, talk loudly, introduce him to other pets. Rabbits – timid creatures and the slightest changes in the situation lead them to a stressful state. Give him some time to get used to the new atmosphere and the owners.
To get your pet closer acquainted with you, stretch out your hands to him, and treat you with something delicious. Slices of fruit and vegetables are suitable as a treat. Talk to a new family member in a gentle, calm voice. Over time, the animal will understand that you do not represent a danger to him. Rabbits quickly mastered the new living space; after that, they can be gradually accustomed to hands.
Place the cage away from drafts. The cell is placed on a specific elevation: so the animal will be able to observe the events in the room.
Keep the rabbit away from heating devices to prevent overheating. Badly affect the health of the animal breaches, direct sunlight, stuffiness. The room is regularly aired.
No need to put a cage in the passage rooms corridors, in the kitchen or the nursery. Animals are frightened by loud noises, even slamming the front door, or the sound of a TV makes them press their ears to their heads. They express fear by beating their hind legs on the floor: this is how rodents in the wild nature frighten off the enemy and warn the confreres of danger.
The optimal temperature for keeping a rabbit is 18-20 degrees.
Heat transfer occurs through their ears, so in the heat, they are wiped outside with a cool, wet cloth. To cool the air in the cage, it is covered with a wet towel, and inside the house put a plastic bottle with ice.
Products are used to power the animal:
- Treat your pet with vegetables. Alfalfa hay from meadow grasses. Hay can be prepared by yourself, for this, the collected grass is washed and slightly dried.
- Fruits and vegetables (carrots, apples, cucumbers, tomatoes);
- Feed mixtures intended for rodents;
- Oat flakes in a dry form;
- Cereal grains that are pre-soaked or boiled;
- Sprigs of fruit and conifers.
After feeding, all unused food is removed from the cage, so that it does not deteriorate and the rabbit does not poison itself. In the free access should be clean water, separated or filtered.
Contrary to popular belief, you should not feed the rabbit with cabbage and beets: they cause bloating and diarrhea.
Citrus fruits, red cabbage, meat, dairy products, sweets are contraindicated for them.
They clean the dwelling and change the litter once a week. The cage is cleaned every month; for this purpose, the lattice and the pan are washed using unique means for this purpose. Unpolluted housing is allowed to wipe with clean water, and you can add a little vinegar. It is impossible to use washing powder, bleach, dishwashing liquid for these purposes. Tray and feeder wash daily.
Sometimes the owners ask themselves: can rabbits be taken by the ears and how can they be held at all? You can not grab the animal by the ears or by the collar. When you need to get a pet out of the cage, put one hand under his chest, and the other fix by the hind legs. Do not press or squeeze the animal.
If you need to move the animal, place it on a bent arm. Use your other hand to hold it around the head. In this way, you insure it against a fall from a height. Rabbits are quite active and nimble. If they break out of their hands and fall to the floor, it can result in a spinal cord injury, limbs, and even the death of a pet.
- Place one hand under the rib cage.
- With your second hand, support your hind legs.
- Hold gently, but firmly at chest level.
It is undesirable to be always in a cell-limited space. From time to time, let him walk around the house without movement in rabbits, immunity decreases, arthritis and diabetes develop.
During the walk around the apartment do not let the pet out of sight. Households may inadvertently step on it, a lot of rabbits have crippled from the front door. If the animal freely jumps around the house, teach family members to move slowly and carefully look at their feet. The rabbit may suffer, falling from an open window, slipping on the floor and breaking a foot.
Electrical wires are a significant danger. So hide them under the carpet ahead of time. Remember that wallpaper, furniture, free-lying books, home plants can suffer from the teeth of the animal.
In the warm season, the cage can be placed on the balcony or equipment of 1.5 × 1.5 m can be installed there. However, make sure that the dwelling does not stand in a draft or under the sun.
Beneficial walks in the fresh air. Walking on the street in the summer is not forbidden; they will bring joy to both man and pet.
To leave the house, purchase a harness or a unique leash: the device will help to catch the animal if necessary quickly. Do not walk near garbage cans, highways, try to avoid encounters with stray dogs.
The hardened animal can be taken out in the winter. It is allowed only if you walked with a rabbit in summer and late autumn. In cold weather, 10 minutes is enough for him to breathe air. Do not take your eared mouse out on rainy and windy weather.
Be sure to comb your pet. Wool should be regularly treated with a special brush with rounded teeth. Comb out the animal laid every day. It is especially true for Angora rabbits.
Clumped wool prevents them from maintaining standard heat transfer. Rabbits can swallow pieces of hair, which leads to health problems. Must have to wash the stomach or go to the vet.
Every 1-2 months, pets are trimmed with claws. For this, small pliers are used, with their help 1-2 mm of claws are removed.
Eyes periodically rubbed with cotton swabs, moistened with clean water. Ears are regularly inspected for sulfur. It is removed using olive oil, hydrogen peroxide or honey solution. Clean the ears with a soft cloth, moving from the inside towards the outer edge.
It is not recommended to bathe rabbits without special need. They independently look after a fur, licking it after the walk is allowed to wash his paws.
The sleep and wakefulness of each pet are individual. Some eagles are active during the day, and in the evening, they are quiet — others – on the contrary. Rabbits are considered to be nocturnal animals. Therefore, the owners may not even notice when the pet is sleeping.
Rodents have a shy nature. They wake up from every rustle and sound. Approaching a person to the cage causes them to open their eyes. How do rabbits sleep? It all depends on the temperament of the animal and how it feels safe. Some pets can relax, freely lounging in a cage. Others are looking for a secluded place.
Rabbits sleep with half-closed eyelids, and this is considered normal.
Rabbits are cute and funny creatures, but with the wrong content, they quickly fall ill. You will have to spend a lot of time on care, so before you buy your pet, think again