Cute mammals belonging to the class of mammals, the order of rodents – chinchillas. Under natural conditions, they inhabit the foothills and mountains of Peru, Chile, Mexico, some parts of South America. They live in packs, up to thirty-five individuals. Pronounced matriarchy. As a rule, the pack is managed by one female, which has several successors. The lowest position in “team” occupy the males. In case of lack of food or in difficult climatic conditions, females can drive them out of the flock or kill them.
Chinchilla resembles a squirrel in body shape. It has a curved spine, the forelimbs are short, and the hind legs are well developed, and this causes the movement of the animal by jumps. The head of the animal has a triangular shape, planted low, almost no neck. Well-marked ears, uncovered by hair. Usually the eyes are black, but there are individuals that have red eyes.
The animal has twenty teeth (four incisors and sixteen chewing), which continue to grow throughout the life of the animal and require constant grinding. With a lack of roughage this process is very slow. Regrowths (“hooks”) are formed on the teeth, which injure the tongue and chinchilla cheeks. In nature, such individuals quickly die, and domesticated animals have to be treated by a specialist for a long time.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, people began to start in the house of the original pet at that time. Chinchilla, the maintenance and care of which is not very complex, has become particularly popular in the last century. If you want to purchase these rodents for maintenance in an apartment, then you need to know what they love and what they absolutely do not accept.
You will need a spacious cage that needs to be installed away from drafts and heating appliances. These small animals are equally contraindicated and overheating and hypothermia. Draft can cause respiratory diseases, and overheating can lead to the death of the animal.
These animals are especially active at night, so it is not recommended to put a cage in the bedroom, as rodents will move a lot, make different sounds and interfere with the host’s peaceful rest. Conditions of chinchilla should be as close to natural. You need to create a lot of moves and shelves so that they can easily move and jump as much as they want. In addition, it is necessary to organize a sender, drinker and several feeders. Despite the fact that in natural conditions chinchillas like to hide in minks, it is not necessary to make special houses and shelters in cages. However, if they are present, then your pets will settle in them.
When sharing males should be placed in a cage very carefully. There are many cases where females have maimed and even killed them. Initially, rodents should be placed in individual cells and put them next. Observe the behavior of animals. If they behave calmly, then they can be placed in one cell.
The diet of these rodents consists of dry food. 50% of it is hay and dry grass, and the first must always be present in the animal. It should not be scattered throughout the cage. It must be kept in a sender. This is due to the fact that the dust that is present in any hay can cause allergies in animals. You can use a variety of herbs – most often it is a dandelion, clover, plantain, nettle. Most importantly, they should not be poisonous.
The remaining 50% are special foods and dried fruits. They can be used any, but they must be well dried. In addition, rodents will not refuse to eat the bark of any fruit trees.
This is a very interesting animal – chinchilla. The maintenance and care of it involve the thorough cleansing of their long and thick hair. Water procedures are strictly prohibited to them, therefore they should regularly “take baths” in fine sand. The filler in the cage and tray should be changed as it gets dirty. Feed in the feeder and drinking water must be changed daily.
Chinchilla, maintenance and care of which are quite simple, requires regular walks around the apartment. These are very mobile animals, and their permanent presence in the cage is highly undesirable. But it is impossible to let them out of the cage without supervision, because they like to gnaw on wires and furniture, which can lead to injuries. It is best to carry out such walks in special walking balls. In them, the animals easily navigate in space and develop a good speed. It is important to choose the most transparent ball covering.
If your pet is a chinchilla, the maintenance of her house will require you to pay close attention to her health. Abundant salivation, immobility, refusal of food, a characteristic moan, pressing the ears to the head are serious reasons for going to the veterinarian.
The maintenance of these rodents at home will require the owners to comply with the temperature regime. This is achieved by turning on and off the air conditioner, adjusting ventilation and heating. Chinchillas feel most comfortable at an air temperature of ten to twenty-five degrees. Relative humidity should not exceed 60%. It must be remembered that the microclimate is influenced by the density of placement of chinchillas in the cell. Due to their crowding, the air humidity and temperature increase, the oxygen content decreases significantly. The main sign of animal discomfort – the refusal of food.
The physical development of rodents, their viability, reproduction, growth are strongly influenced by both solar and artificial light. Since their activity occurs at dusk, they do not need a too powerful lamp, rather small, which creates “twilight” lighting. You should know that it is impossible to leave animals completely without sunbathing. Chinchillas are in great need of sunlight, so in a cool summer evening, the cages with animals should be set in the sun.
For chinchilla, water is very important. Their body contains 60% moisture. Having lost 5% of water, the chinchilla has unbearable thirst. If the animal loses 10% moisture, its metabolism is completely disturbed. Changes in the internal organs and tissues that lead to the death of animals occur with 15-20% loss of moisture. Therefore, regular watering is a prerequisite for normal chinchilla life. The optimal temperature of drinking water is 8-15 degrees.
In recent years, the South American guest chinchilla has added to the list of traditional pets. Maintenance and care of it are not difficult. These are very cute small animals. The length of an adult individual is no more than 35 centimeters, the tail length is approximately 15 centimeters, and the weight is 400-700 grams. At home, the animal lives for about 20 years. The coat of a healthy animal should be tight and smooth. Pet must be muscular and quite plump. Do not buy skinny and lethargic animals, as well as too well-fed and sedentary. Signs of infection can be discharge from the eyes and nose. It is also better to refuse such an animal.
Today you got acquainted with the basic rules of caring for a cute little animal chinchilla. Now you just have to make friends with your pet. Chinchillas are not very fond of when they are forcibly removed from their cage, caught around the apartment. But when the pet gets used to you, he will begin to climb up to you, allow him to stroke and play with him. This is a very cute and funny animal that can be your good friend.