A small cute animal with thick fur, a snow-white tail, a muzzle of muscles, elongated ears, and broad masses, black eyes – a chinchilla.
Here are such cutie lives in the highlands of South America. The first attempts to domesticate this night animal ended very badly. This innocent little animal was almost wiped out because of its lovely fur.
In the end, in 1923, several individuals were brought to the USA, which can be considered the forefathers of all currently existing animal nurseries.
It may be very for yourself to stand up so that she doesn’t have to brush her teeth or darker to wash her clothes.
House for Chinchilla
At home, the dominant Chinchilla, are metal cells from a galvanized mesh as the floor should be only a retractable pallet. In the pallet piled litter. Feeders are better to fix on the walls of the cage or the door. They may be upside down or littered — suspended automatic drinkers. The cells are well located in the fields made of wood.
The animals are very gentle and fearful. Do not immediately go into the cage and grab their hands. If the owner succeeds in showing patience, then these peaceful animals – have become accustomed, I will trust unlimitedly. Between themselves can sometimes fight. Therefore, if a couple of chinchillas live in a cage, they need two separate houses so that everyone can rest and stay after the scuffle.
To make friends with these cute animals, you need a little patience and a little caress. Experienced chinchilla catchers do not often advise to hold in their hands and stroke these animals since the fat remnants of the sides will stain the soft fur of chinchillas.
What do chinchillas eat?
If you need to say that these are herbivorous mushrooms, then this is very important. Feed quantity is limited. Mountain food is scant feeding, but very high-calorie and contains a lot of substances necessary for a chinchilla. At home, it is essential for food to be diverse, rich in organic and mineral substances, vitamins, but it should not contain too sweet, fatty, and high-calorie foods.
Concentrated granulated feeds are easily digestible and essential. Per day the animal consumes about 20-30 grams of feed.
Domestic and Western breeders have the preference to feed their animals with granulate, which has the appearance of continuing brown or gray-green color. Typically, data consists of wheat bran, grass meal, oats, raw fat, barley, fish meal, salts, lysine, and other substances rich in vitamins and minerals.
Fat in the granulate should be 3-4%; crude fiber is not less than 10-15%. Granules are abundant in the requirements of useful additives: potassium, calcium, sodium, phosphorus, iron, sulfur, selenium, zinc, manganese, iodine; vitamins A, B, D, E, PP, K, carotene, biotin; various organic acids – folic, malic, ascorbic. In 1 kg of feed energy value is about 3000 kilocalories.
It is necessary to use cereals, which should not exceed 1/15 of the essential diet. Well, of course, there should always be fresh and clean water in the Zilka. Every day you need to check whether it is working if the ball hasn’t sunk.
How often do you need to feed a chinchilla?
At home, the chinchilla must be fed once a day. Each owner chooses a convenient time. The feeding process should take place at about the same time. This is usually the evening from 17.00 to 21.00. Seasonality does not significantly affect the change in the diet. Chinchillas are strictly forbidden to give wet food, as it can disrupt the work of the gastrointestinal tract – do not cause indigestion, bloating, constipation, or diarrhea.
In warm seasons, they have everything they need to beautify their eyes – nettle leaves, dandelion, plantain, mother-and-stepmother, raspberries, strawberries, chamomile flowers, currants, fragrant rosehip, bean sprouts – wiki, alfalfa, green peas, and many others. Others. Data should be thoroughly washed and dried. The sun should be in a shady, ventilated place.
You can use a source of trace elements and natural vitamins. It may also offer a small amount for an animal. You do not need to include all kinds of delicacies in the diet of the animal; they must be alternated.
Care and maintenance of chinchillas at home
For this, you need to purchase several unique things. The second is special domed sand, the third is movement (walks) – and finally the fourth is your not annoying attention. Immediately it should be noted that it is very desirable to purchase a pair directly. Without a couple, they are not very comfortable. Communication with a person will not be able to replace animal communication with the tribesman.
Research instinct is needed to sustain a vital movement. That is why the cage for a chinchilla should choose larger sizes than for rabbits or guinea pigs. This animal loves change. Occasionally from cells. And they can not. We enjoyed trying all things and containers on the tooth. All that can be straightened pull out wooden furniture and the finished carpets. The most dangerous for them are electrical wires.
If you have recently acquired yourself, you should be calm so that you do not have to relax so much while you are just getting used to the atmosphere and are familiar with the new environment. The adaptation period may consist of several all sorts of disgraces. Therefore, you should only use it with your presence, with safe conditions, where there is no access to electrical conductors, narrow slots, other objects, and the like. The child can not forget to close all the windows in the room, as he was temporarily not trying to escape.
One walk for the chinchilla will not be enough. Even the photo shows that they need constant communication with them. These are the animals that will always understand and listen to you. Little to train in the form of the game. This is very important for trust.
Usually, he will not get used to your hands. Put your hand in the cage and let the baby sniff and carefully remember your smell. It should not nourish itself with illusions that acquaintance will happen in one day. It all depends on the chinchilla’s temperament. Try that the dating process will be much faster.
In dealing with these exotic animals should not make unnecessary sharp movements; they are timid. A chinchilla is not an animal that can be squeezed like a cat or a dog. First, it will not resist, to be sure that this is a hoax, at the slightest opportunity, he will run away. Then you will have a question: – “How is it right then to pick him up?” The second hand should support the tummy and legs. Do not grab him sharply and vigorously. If he tries to make sure that he tries to do everything possible so that he recovers, then he does not need to injure him, let him go and try again when the beast calms down.
How many chinchillas live?
Chinchillas at home live an average of 10 years or more, but there are times when some of them live to be 20 years old.
If you feed your favorite pet correctly, you will have to face such problems as feeling unwell, stomach problems, and so on. Also, a full and proper diet guarantees a good mood and joy of your chinchilla.
They should all be healthy. The back teeth are ground while chewing hay and the front teeth are grinning when a beast nibbles a stone, a branch or a toy. Mineral and grindstone must always be in the cage. As toys, you can use offices of different sizes. These are the branches of linden, apple, alder, birch, hawthorn, raspberry, hazel, currant, common or chokeberry. You can not give branches of stone trees, fruits, and shoots of oak, citrus, maple, wild rosemary, elderberry, buckthorn, lilac, as well as conifer branches.