It is no secret that it is easier to keep a rabbit in a house than, for example, a dog or a cat. Although the animal is quite susceptible, it is smaller in size, unpretentious to food. However, even such small animals can become seriously ill. It is often due to improper care or conditions of detention, but not always. Consider the primary diseases of rabbits, in order, as they say, to know “the enemy in the face.” We pay special attention to their treatment.
For each owner, it is essential, of course, first of all, that his animal is healthy and beautiful. Therefore, the question of the most common ailments, as well as their treatment, is key to keeping rabbits. The most dangerous are infectious and parasitic types of diseases because the animal’s life is always at stake. It is still important to remember here that the best treatment is prevention. And it really can not do without the advice and help of a specialist.
When the first symptoms of malaise, as well as changes in the behavior of the animal, it must be immediately shown to the veterinarian. Often, dangerous and complex diseases manifest themselves immediately, but just as quickly and affect the entire body.
Infectious diseases do not often affect rabbits as, for example, their economic relatives. Firstly, domestic animals practically do not come into contact with their kindred relatives. Secondly, they are at home, not on the street, and thirdly, cleaning and cleaning of litter is more often carried out in cages of pets. But even here, dangerous viruses and microbes can trap a tiny animal. They can be brought from the street on clothes or in the hands of people, and can also be transmitted through insects, with food or water.
Stomatitis is a common disease of both ordinary and rabbits. At the same time, it is often in pets that it is much more difficult since, in the process of breeding, they do not form innate immunity. It is important to immediately identify the symptoms of indisposition and show the animal to the nearest veterinary clinic.
- whitish plaque on the tongue and on the mucous membrane of the mouth, possible sores;
- wet mouth and nose due to copious salivation;
- poor appetite, anxiety of the animal;
- sore skin on lips.
- assigned treatment by a veterinarian;
- As preliminary actions, oral irrigation with copper sulphate solution (2%) can be called;
- use of Streptocide (grind to powder and give every 10 hours);
- enhanced course of vitamin therapy.
It occurs in both ordinary and rabbits. The disease has three stages of the course: chronic, subacute and acute. Their course and symptoms depend on the general condition of the animal and the strength of its immunity. May be activated due to other ailments, colds, worms and other things.
In most cases, domestic rabbits from this disease die. Therefore, when buying a pet, it is important to make a special vaccination.
- pet breathing and audible “wheezing”, “gurgling”;
- the animal can wash and rub its nose without end;
- nose and ears inside turn red and begin to be wet;
- when neglected, it produces a runny nose and pus from the nose;
- inflammatory processes in the body.
- furatsilin buried in the nose;
- Penicillin is prescribed as a general drug;
- disinfection of the cage and all its equipment (house, feeders, drinkers, toys) with formaldehyde solution;
- broad-spectrum antibiotics are prescribed, for example, Terramycin or Biomitsin. The treatment can last from 14 to 30 days.
This disease is caused by Salmonella, which often enters the body through water and feed. There may be other factors of the spread and occurrence of the disease, for example, avitaminosis, cramping, and dirt in the cell, sudden changes in temperature, and so on. Especially often animals get sick in summer when warm weather activates the development of the disease. Salmonella bacteria are also hazardous for humans. Therefore, when dealing with diseased animals, one must observe increased personal hygiene: wash hands with soap and water thoroughly with hot water.
- bloating and gas;
- diarrhea with a pungent odor;
- sharp jumps in body temperature;
- rapid loss of activity, lethargy, apathy.
- disinfection and 20-day quarantine;
- improved feeding and hygiene;
- steaming of feed and feeders, as well as disinfectant solutions;
- unfortunately, only strong antibiotic therapy (early hours), if it does not help, then sleep with the animal.
This type of disease is caused by a specific strain of viruses that infect the lungs of animals. There are two forms of the disease: chronic and acute. At the first stage, the sick rabbit recovers in 12-15 days, with the acute course often the animals die in 3-4 days. The symptoms at first are very similar to the general malaise of the animal.
- difficulty breathing, coughing;
- ruffled wool;
- animals become inactive, apathetic;
- mucous discharge from the nose.
- treatment is carried out only with antibiotics;
- without complications in chronic form can be prescribed sulfa drugs;
- glucose and ascorbic acid.
The second most dangerous of all diseases are rabbits, as they affect coat. Many animals, after these diseases for a long time, can not participate in exhibitions and be breeding parents. They require special attention and attitude because such fungi are often transmitted to humans.
It is called a particular group of fungi that feed on skin and hair cells. Spreads through the dust and other animals. It is essential when isolating the disease of the animal to isolate from children.