Perhaps you are planning to become a happy rabbit master? Or have you already bought an eared friend? You certainly want to know the basic rules of rabbit care.
First, your rabbit needs a comfortable, spacious cage. It would be nice to buy or make toys with your own hands, various labyrinths from the boxes, a house on which the rabbit could sit. In the cage, hay, straw, coarse hardwood (not softwood), or paper are commonly used as bedding. Next, you need a comfortable feeder, water bowl, and tray.
To care for the rabbit, the cage must be cleaned twice a month, wash the tray once a week or more often, if the rabbit walks around the house, then it is better to arrange several trays. Know that rabbits partially eat their litter – this is normal.
Rabbits love to gnaw various things, so to preserve the material values and the health of the animal, remove everything valuable and dangerous from the area of the rabbit’s reach (various chemical mixtures, powders, electric wires, plants, etc.)
Handle the rabbit as follows. To move the rabbit, you need to take the top of the skin, while passing the fingers through the animal’s ears and pulling the animal’s head back a little, and supporting the rabbit with the other hand, pressing it to yourself a little. The second option: take the rabbit with one hand under the chest between the front paws, and with the other, you support the rabbit from below and press it to you. Falls are hazardous for rabbits – most of them have fragile bones.
When taking a rabbit out of its cage, keep in mind that it can easily catch and turn over the drinker, feeder, bedding or tray, always be careful and see that the rabbit does not cling to the floor with its paws and does not tear the claws. Rabbits can scratch or bite you, be careful.
A rabbit should always have clean, fresh water and food. It is an essential element of proper rabbit care. Do not dramatically change the diet – introduce new feed gradually. Rabbits eat fresh vegetables and fruits, roots, cereals and legumes, feed, chalk, fresh grass (and leaves of strawberries, nettles), hay (including clover, alfalfa, vetch), green branches. A rabbit’s meal, for example, can be: beets, apples, pears, melons, potatoes, Jerusalem artichoke, turnips, carrots, pumpkins, corn, milk, fish oil, oats, barley, wheat, rye, peas, bran, in the fall – apple cuts , raspberries, cherries, grapes, woody branches, but do not forget that, for example, such plants are dangerous for a rabbit: Chiselle, lily of the valley, arum, dope, hemlock, henbane, cockle, juniper, celandine, mustard, radish, poisonous and burning buttercups, anemone, backache, etc., carefully with cabbage, lettuce and pine needles, they can be harmful to the rabbit. You should not feed them the same for a long time, even if the rabbit likes it for a while, vary your feeding. Let’s go food clean, washed, raw — all in moderation. High-calorie food is good for industrial breeding of rabbits, food for a rabbit should be more “light”, with a minimum of calories, salt, and even more sugar. In the summer, you can prepare brooms (from willow, birch, just ate, pine, juniper) and feed your pet in winter.
Be aware that rabbits are constantly growing teeth, so they need to nibble hard wood to grind down their teeth. Otherwise, the diet can lead to disorders of the jaw. Do not treat rabbits with such “human” food as salty crackers, sweet cookies, mineral water, meat, etc.
When feeding and interacting with the rabbit, it should be borne in mind that these animals are active at dawn and dusk, and during the day they prefer to sleep.
Rabbits need movement. Make boxes with holes, tunnels, play with a rabbit, pay attention to it. Your rabbit care should not be limited to feeding only. Rabbits are social animals, and they need communication. Outdoor games and fresh air will keep your pet healthy. Outside the cage, the rabbit must be constantly supervised; contact with other animals must be avoided.
Train your four-footed eared friend. A rabbit can learn to walk in a tray, as well as simple “commands.”
Caring for a rabbit involves combing wool. The rabbit sheds, cleans itself, while the hair in large quantities falls into his stomach, which can lead to the death of the rabbit, so clean it with a special brush several times a week. Rabbits can sometimes be washed, wash gently with warm water and a special shampoo.
Rabbits are generally not capricious animals, but while caring for them, some points should be avoided. Do not make loud noises nearby, do not frighten the animal, and to protect your rabbit from diseases, avoid drafts, wetting, high and low temperatures, parasites, predators, insects, viruses, infectious animals, dirty or rotten food. The disease can quickly kill your eared friend; the diseases in rabbits are insidious, fleeting, and often manifest when it is too late to do anything.
Caring for a rabbit is not possible without professional help. Be sure to find out where there is a rabbit vet. If you do not plan to further happen to your pet, then it is better to castrate (sterilize). Also, vaccinations for myxomatosis, pasteurellosis (hemorrhagic septicemia) should be given. Once a year goes through a veterinary inspection. Just watch out for changes in the behavior of your rabbit: lethargy or, conversely, increased irritability, various suspicious secretions, rash, lack of appetite, diarrhea (or constipation), etc. mean that your rabbit is sick, in which case bring the animal to the vet.
By following these simple rabbit care tips, you will make your pet’s life happy, and he will certainly answer you the same.