Now in a fashion to get rabbits. They are soft, gentle, engaging, and children like it so much. Before you buy such an animal, you need to prepare everything for its comfortable stay. Read specialized literature on the care of rabbits, watch the video. If you start a pet for a child – it must be a conscious step, an understanding that he will need care and custody.
When buying, pay attention to the appearance of the rabbit, it must be active, playful. Do not take a sleepy animal, very small (up to one and a half months), too well-fed. The coat should be shiny and not have bald spots. Damage to the skin, purulent formation and swelling are unacceptable.
Rabbit breeds are often kept in apartment conditions. To spend less time and effort on caring for an animal, it is better to stop the choice on the short-haired breed.
Rabbits are loyal animals, distinguished by their devotion, gentle disposition and noiselessness. On average, an individual lives about 12 children. Castration males will relieve from the hassle and problems. Do it at an early age.
- “Rex” – soft, plush wool.
- “Colored with short hair” – the fur glitters, the ears are small.
- “Fold sheep” – ears hanging down, temper docile, short hair.
- “Angora” – fluffy, long-haired, require constant and thorough care.
- “Germelins” – the fur cover is very thick, it does not tolerate heat very well, it is difficult to be kept in apartment conditions. Differ in laziness, females – difficult character. For beginners it is better to abandon the content of the rabbit of this breed.
Rabbits tolerate low temperatures well, down to minus 20 ° C. Hot and sultry weather is unfavourable for them. They can not be left in direct sunlight, to allow overheating. It will also harm the draft, dampness and high humidity. Optimum performance with the content:
- The room temperature is 18-20 ° C.
- Air humidity – 50%.
Rabbits do not sweat, heat exchange is carried out on the ears and through the veins. During the heat, the animal can be cooled in the following way:
- Wipe the ears with a towel dipped in cold water. With this procedure, the whole rabbit is cooled.
- Put in a cage a bottle of ice water, you can with ice cubes.
- Cover the cage with a wet cold towel.
“Fuzzies” are somewhat similar to a toy, but you cannot allow a child to squeeze and pet the animal actively.
In the apartment, the rabbit is kept in a cage. The animal has a calm disposition, shy. When you take it in your hands, you shouldn’t take hold tightly, if a pet jumps off its hands – it can kill him (they have fragile vertebrae).
Communication with other pets should be excluded. They will undoubtedly want to play, run, and this will harm the health of the rabbit.
Small children do not understand how destructively a running game with an animal can be; they can pull it sharply or pull it by the ear. This behaviour will lead to stress; the pet will wither on the eyes. Bring rabbits in the family where the child understands how to handle him.
“Eared” smart enough. Over time, they get used to the owner, recognize him in the face, happily walk on his hands, and even respond to the name. Loving a lot of caresses, enjoy the pleasure of stroking the back and head, show discontent when touching the chin.
Activity is manifested in the night period, during the day the rest of the pets. No need to wake them up and bother.
Bathing for a rabbit is not desirable. They do this exceptionally rare and, if necessary: extreme heat, soiled as a result of diarrhea. If swimming is carried out, beware of drafts, the wool is thick, dries for a very long time. Rabbits can take care of themselves, brush their fur.
Do not be alarmed if you suddenly see that your pet is eating its stool – this is a normal phenomenon, which has the scientific name “coprophagy.”
Rabbits should always be vaccinated.
As mentioned above, rabbits do not tolerate heat, so the cage is not exposed to the sun. Animals are very gentle by nature; high temperatures will lead to death, drafts to catarrhal diseases.
In the cage set:
Rabbits get up early and love to make some noise. If all the equipment is not carefully fixed, then a running game will start in the cage with kicking inventory.
Straw and sawdust are placed on the bottom of the cage. This litter should always remain dry. Change it every other day. If necessary, more often. Damp bedding, the presence of dirt on it will lead to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in the animal. The tray is washed every day, the polluted rabbit refuses to walk, and meets the need next to it. “Eared,” very clean.
Some complain that an unpleasant smell emanates from the rabbits; if you properly care for it, this will not happen.
Animals are very active, require constant movement. When housing maintenance, the rabbit is released from the cage every day. Be careful, “fluffies” love to gnaw everything, so if possible, hide the wires, valuable items, etc.
It is necessary to feed the rabbit properly, give a balanced and vitaminized feed. Improper diet leads to disease and obesity.
The teeth of the animal grow throughout life. They need a constant sharpening, so the branches of various trees (willow, lime, maple, apple, pear, maple, acacia), chalk are introduced into the diet. Cherry, apricot, cherry, plum and apricot are not recommended. Oak and alder branches give exceptionally rarely when the pet has a disorder.
The basis of the feed – hay, they are stored in unlimited quantities year-round. Kids and adults eat it. It is very convenient to prepare the hay yourself. The grass is taken in places remote from roads and urban smog. Such food will be fresh, wholesome and aromatic.
Cereals (corn, barley, oats), oat flakes are added to food, lightly dried bread is allowed. As a delicacy give greens – dandelions, young nettles, burdocks, plantain, clover and sow thistle. They love fruits and vegetables (carrots, beets, pears and apples), and even bananas. It is better to refuse potatoes and cabbage.
Many give animals pelleted feed – this is not worth it. Mineral and vitamin supplements are required. In large quantities, they are necessary for babies, pregnant individuals and nursing moms: benefits chalk, yeast (salt), salt.
Feeding is carried out up to three times a day. Water should be kept in the cage all the time and be fresh. If you want to change the diet, do it gradually. Catch fresh grass before serving.
Some hold the opinion that rabbits are rather stupid animals. This is not the case; they are very friendly, understanding, intelligent. For training you need to work a little, then your pet will go to the tray, react to your name, resort when you call it, you can walk your pet freely on a leash. He will understand the “fun” command.
From the first days of living the rabbit at home, not wearing it on his hands, he was gently petted, communicated kindly, paid attention, and was treated to goodies. After a while, the pet can be picked up, holding the tummy and hind legs. It should more often be called “fluffy” by name.
After the animal begins to respond to the nickname, it is released for a walk around the room. Initially, not much space is allocated, toys are given. Raskodchiki recommends in this place to set the pad and teach the rabbit to walk in it. A couple of repetitions and the pet will independently go to the specified location to defend the need.
Buying a rabbit, look at his health. A healthy “eared animal” can be seen at once by several signs:
- Actively moves, jumps in a cage.
- Interested in everyone around.
- With a good appetite.
If you saw a rabbit lying down – it doesn’t necessarily mean poor health, he could have jumped and lay down to rest. Watch him for a bit.
A rabbit huddled in the corner of a cage, unresponsive to toys and the environment may not be healthy. Pay attention to the baby’s fur and eyes. In healthy individuals, they shine, the discharge does not flow from the eyes.
The animal independently cleans its wool. Therefore it should not be bathed. Once a day you can comb. Comb choose with soft teeth.
If necessary, the animal can be bathed, for example, after a street walk. If you do this often, the protective skin soy will be washed away, which will lead to its peeling, tarnishing of the wool. The bathing shampoo is selected specialized, explicitly designed for rabbits. Well, wash it off. Do not use regular shampoos for hair.
If a rabbit grows claws, it can be injured. They should be cut off. The procedure is carried out once in 20 days. It is better to have a cutting done by a specialist. He will show how to do it right. Rabbit claws are designed so that you can easily touch the capillaries – it will cause bleeding and pain.