First of all, it is worth understanding that the rabbit is not a rodent. It means that the structure of the gastrointestinal tract and teeth is somewhat different from the construction of similar organs in rodents. So it is different and the food of domestic rabbits. The rabbit has 28 teeth, including incisors, with which the rabbit gnaws through solid food with ease. A distinctive feature of the teeth in rabbits is their rapid growth. Approximately 3 mm per week. It means that a rabbit needs to grind its teeth sufficiently throughout its entire life so that they do not cause inconvenience for the point perfectly suited: various tree branches, hay, as well as fresh greens.
In the issue of nutrition of dwarf rabbits, it is necessary to take into account the structural features of the gastrointestinal tract: in rabbits, the food is promoted by the newly arriving. That is why for rabbits so terrible breaks in the diet. Rabbits can not starve. They almost always eat something. If this does not happen, there will be a stagnation in the intestines and, as a result, food rotting, which will lead to completely undesirable consequences. Perhaps even irreversible.
What to feed rabbits?
Food is important and essential in the life of a rabbit. Therefore, this issue should be approached more than seriously. So, proper nutrition rabbits.
To begin with, the basis of the diet of rabbits is hay. It is through the constant use of grass that rabbits grind their teeth. And also, grass plays an essential role in the process of digestion. Behind the hay in importance is fresh greens. Source of fiber and chlorophyll, as well as all the necessary vitamins and minerals. Fresh greens can be completely varied. About what grass rabbits can be, and which can not be read here. Do not forget about fresh vegetables, fruits, and berries. It is the source of all essential vitamins and microelements. Also, in the room where the rabbit lives, there should always be fresh drinking water. It is better if it is not boiled but filtered water. It can be poured into a unique bowl or automatic drinker.
Often, the owners of non-standard rabbits have a question: what to feed the lop-eared rabbits ?. Feed them should be just like individual differences, except for the structure of the ears, they do not have. It means that the basis of the diet will be similar: hay, fresh greens, fruits, vegetables, berries, and clean drinking water.
The process of receiving feed by rabbits for the day should be multiple but in small portions. It is due to the anthropological features of the body – with weak muscles of the stomach. Namely: a new portion of food moves the old one from the stomach to the intestine. Feed moves through the rabbit esophagus for 70 hours.
Rabbit food base.
The main diet of rabbits includes hay and drinking water. Both components help cleanse the body of swallowed wool. Hay should be present in the diet daily in large quantities. In summer, hay can be replaced with grass sun-dried. Useful and rich in microelements for a rabbit are yarrow, starfish, hogweed.
But it is worth avoiding acacia, aloe, beans, bindweed, oak, jasmine, iris, calendula, laurel tree, rhubarb, fern, tulip, as they contain harmful components for the vital activity of rabbits.
The amount of dry food should be limited.
The next nutrient is dry food.
The basis of a right product should include 20% fiber, 15% protein, 1% fat, and 1% calcium. The daily rate that is included in the diet of dry food for an adult individual should be 15 – 20g.
This rate should be increased in the period of maturation of the rabbit since these elements are necessary for growth. And after seven months a large intake of dry food can lead to obesity. Caution should be taken to feed, which include nuts and dried fruits, as their use can adversely affect the liver of the animal.
Fruits and vegetables – consumption norms.
Another important constituent element of the rabbit diet are vegetables: lettuce, parsley, cabbage, carrots, dill, tomato, pumpkin, zucchini, and others. Since their consumption has a laxative effect on the body of the rabbit, the supply of vegetables should be combined with the supply of hay.
The daily diet of vegetables per adult rabbit is 100 – 150g.
As a treat for the rabbit, you can use fruit: apple, apricot, banana, peach, pear, pineapple. And also berry cultures – strawberries or cherries. The daily rate of fruit included in the diet of an adult animal should not exceed one tablespoon.
To grind incisors, dried bread, nut sprigs or fruit tree sprigs are introduced into the diet. And also placed in the cell mineral or salt stone.
Thus, for the full development of the rabbit you need a varied diet. However, each new product should be introduced into the diet gradually, watching the further behavior of the animal. Observing dietary patterns, your rabbit will “glow” with health and happiness.
Unfortunately, buying this type of pets, it is necessary to take into account the fact that genetically rabbits are more inclined to problems with digestion than their relatives of meat breeds. They can be triggered by interbreeding, hereditary diseases and the fact that animals still live in not quite natural conditions.
If the owner cares about his pet, he must very clearly understand what kind of food gives the rabbit only energy and calories, which provides nutrition and health with the necessary vitamins and microelements and what type of food should be given to young or old animals.
For example, small baby rabbits cannot immediately eat “adult” food, first feeding on mother’s milk, and only in the fourth week of life they consume dry food, especially for young animals, including hay, vegetables, and greens.
Already at this age, baby rabbits need to be taught to feed twice a day.
It is important to remember that only a few rabbits eat all the food at once. Therefore, if the feed is not spoiled, it can be left in case the animal returns to the bowl. It is also best to purchase specialized feeds in sealed packages, rather than by weight.
Hay is a rare type of feed for rabbits, which are, in principle, nocturnal animals and love to “hog” with hay in the dark. Besides, it is not a calorie, large in volume. Moreover, some rabbit breeders note the fact that their pets prefer hay to all other products, ignoring even fresh vegetables.
Rabbit greens can digest only for 20-30 days of life, taking an example from the mother. It is necessary to start feeding with this product gradually, and not immediately, as, in many types of greens, there are essential oils, to which the stomach gets used rather slowly. The consumption rate is as follows: about 150-180 grams of greenery for animals and 200-220 grams for lop-eared varieties and the so-called “rams” rabbits. Especially significant representatives of this animal species can consume up to 500 grams per day. The following types of greenery are suitable for feeding – dandelions, nettles, plantains, burdocks, dill, green lettuce, meadow herbs, and others.
What can not feed the rabbits? In no case should not include in the diet of these animals, fresh bread, sour fruits, wheat, and cucumbers.
Root vegetables, fruits, and vegetables are also suitable as a food product for rabbits. The rules for introducing them into the diet are similar to those for greenery. Most of all, rabbits love carrots, beets, radishes, radishes, cabbage, spinach, celery, and Jerusalem artichoke.
Games for rabbit.
For several days in a row, they ask me the same question: How and what to play with the rabbit? There is one more question: What to do, our rabbit devours the wallpaper.
These two questions are closely related because any rabbit needs fun. If your pet has no entertainment, it finds them himself. Great fun is gnawing wallpaper. It is normal and natural.
1. regularly do cosmetic repairs
2. give the rabbit time and entertain him in all possible ways.
Play with your rabbit every day!!!
Just releasing the rabbit and leaving him to fend is not enough. I suggest you assume that you have a child in the face of a rabbit.
It means that:
- pet can get hurt if you leave it alone
- pet can not care about the toys offered to him and go look for new ones if you leave him alone
Everything is just like people 🙂 That is, either you offer toys to the rabbit and play with it, or you reap the benefits of rabbit labors.
I, as a breeder of dwarf rabbits, can say that a rabbit left alone in a room is capable of creating unimaginable things. And the wallpaper is still nonsense.
How and with what can decorative rabbit play?
Just want to warn that any rabbit is a little person. Accordingly, he may have his preferences and tastes. I offer some solutions. But only you can figure out what and how suits your baby.
The process of keeping rabbits is exciting. So much of all unusual you can learn about a pet. And so many interesting things.
Therefore, below I offer only a possible solution to the problem with the games:
- Approximate set of toys: a ball with a bell inside, a wooden carrot for nibbling, an ordinary dog toy
- it would be nice to have a Korton box with all kinds of entrances-exits, let the rabbit nibble it instead of wallpaper
- very good clean linen or cotton cloth for digging
- some rabbits play with balloons
- someone likes to roll a roll of toilet paper
In general, the scope for imagination is limitless. The main thing is to find time and a common language with your pet.
There is an excellent opportunity to avoid rabbit wrecking. You need to organize him just a walker. Then you will be sure that both the wallpaper and the rabbit are in perfect order.